Agrogeological Evaluation

Agrogeological Evaluation
of “Nature’s Perfect”

At the request of EnSenTech, Inc. a geologic evaluation of a specific crater in the San Franciscan volcanic area has been completed. Nature’s Perfect is taken from this volcanic structure. The main emphasis of the study was to determine mineralogical and chemical characteristics of the volcanogenic deposit in regard to its utilization as a chemical free fertilizer. The evaluation included determining the pertrographic (the physical character of a rock) and chemical composition of the deposit.

The principle of Agrogeology is simple. Agrogeology is the study of the natural fertilization that takes place when weathering breaks rocks into their constituent elements: agrogeology was first studied in the early nineteenth century. However, the success of the artificial fertilizers killed interest in this natural approach until the late 1970’s when Dr. Chesworth, a geologist at the University of Guelph in Ontario, combined his theoretical studies of rock decomposition to determine that weathering of a common volcanic rock like basalt made land more fertile.

Continuing studies indicate that volcanic rocks like basalt, supply the nutrients necessary for plant and animal growth. The essential elements for plant growth include: carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, sulfur, iron, manganese, zinc, copper, boron, molybdenum and chlorine. In addition, the presence of rock fragments in the soil and on the soil surface significantly influences infiltration, runoff, and moisture storage, which significantly affect plant growth.

Mineralogical Aspects of “Nature’s Perfect”

Nature’s Perfect is composed of aphanitic to porphyritic vesicular olivine basalt. The basalt contains phenocrysts of hypersthenes and olivine surrounded by a groundmass of andesine, augite and opaque minerals. A typical model analysis indicates that the basalt contains the following minerals:

Orthopyroxene A mineral group with a general formula of ABSi20s
Where A is Mg, Fe, Ca, and Na. B is Mg, Fe and Al.
The chief elements are magnesium, iron, calcium,
sodium, aluminum, oxygen, and silicon.

Plagioclase A mineral group with a formula of (Na,Ca) Al (Si, Al)
Si208. The chief elements are sodium, calcium,
aluminum, silicon, and oxygen.
Olivine A mineral series with a solid solution series that range
from Mg2Si04 to Fe2S104. The chief elements are
magnesium, iron, silicon and oxygen.
Biotite A mineral with a formula of K (Mg, Fe) (Al, Fe) Si301o
0142. The chief elements are magnesium, potassium,
iron, aluminum, silicon, oxygen, and hydrogen.

Studies by numerous soil scientists indicate that the volcanic rocks that contain plagioclase feldspar has the ability to go directly into the plants. David Miller, Ph.D. at Overlin College in Ohio states “Initially, they must be broken down by microbes, which are present in the soils Organic matter. Later, when these microbes decompose, the minerals are released in a changed form and then go directly into the plants. Ultimately, rock dusting should increase the mineral content of vegetables; giving the grower more nutritious crops, not only higher in minerals, but in vitamins, too. “

Chemical Analysis

The United States Geological Survey has conducted numerous chemical analyses of the basalt cinders that occur in the San Franciscan area. Chemical analyses of the major elements (weight percent) indicate the basalt contains silicon, aluminum oxides, iron oxides, magnesium oxides, calcium oxides, sodium oxides, potassium oxides, titanium oxides and manganese oxides.

Quantitative spectrographic analyses indicate the basalts in the San Franciscan volcanic field, contain the following twenty elements: lead, silver, copper, gallium, manganese, chromium, boron, cobalt, nickel, barium, strontium, vanadium, scandium, yttrium, zirconium, rubidium, zinc, niobium, lanthanum, and cesium.

Soil Scientists indicate that basalt supplies the essential nutrients for a balanced soil, which is said to be fertile. To balance the soil, 13 nutrients have to be present which includes nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, sulphur, iron, manganese, zinc, copper, boron, molybdenum, and chlorine.

Remineralization Process

Remineralization is the process of incorporating the finely ground (200 mesh fineness) volcanic material into the growing zone of the nutrient exhausted soils. The rock applications will restore the element balance to the soil and create the original environment of the soil. The remineralization will provide the balanced environment for the plants, which can then grow efficiently, resist the ravages of pests and diseases, and produce higher yields and stop the decline of nutrient deficiency.

Summary

In recent years soil scientists have conducted numerous studies to reduce the application of chemical fertilizers on the nation’s farmland. Results from these analyses indicate remineralization can achieve the following benefits:

1. Remineralization will combat the affects of pests and diseases that effect plant growth.
2. Remineralization reduces the water requirements necessary for plant growth.
3. Remineralization has been proved to lower the cost of production and produce higher yields on treated lands.
4. Remineralized soils provide the necessary nutrients to increase the quality and quantity of the plants gown.

Respectfully submitted,
John O. Rudd
Geologist, US

References
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Saini, and AA Maclean, 1967. The Effect of Stones On Potato Yield, Soil Temperature and Moisture, AmPotato J. 44:209 213.
Clayton, J.L. 1979. Nutrient Supply to Soil by Rock Weathering, PG. 75 96 in Impact of Intensive Harvesting on Forest Nutrient Cycling Proc. USDA Forest Service NE Broomall, PA, and State Univ. of New York, Syracuse.

Hanson, C.T., and RL. Blevins, 1979. Soil Water in Coarse Fragment. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 43:819 820.
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Strauss, Stephen, 1984. Fertilizing with Rocks, Technology Review. 11:11 12.3